© Access4U Inc.
General Information About Ramps 
      Access4U Access for Living

Common Sense, ADA Guidelines and Your Home

Common Sense First

If  

the  

people  

using  

the  

ramp  

are  

going  

to  

walk  

or  

push  

themselves  

up  

in  

a  

wheelchair  

consider  

the

individual’s  

strength  

and  

ability.  

  

If  

there  

is  

an  

attendant  

consider  

the  

attendant’s  

strength  

and  

ability.  

Be

sure  

to  

consider  

someone  

coming  

down  

the  

ramp.  

  

What  

will  

happen  

if  

the  

attendant  

is  

startled  

and  

lets

go?  It is important to consider what the situation might be in several years. Will the user be growing.

Even  

with  

a  

powered  

wheelchair,  

a  

ramp  

that  

is  

too  

steep  

can  

cause  

problems  

as  

battery  

output  

drops  

or

the person gains weight.  Again, it is important to consider what the situation might be in several years.

How  

many  

other  

people  

will  

be  

using  

the  

ramp  

on  

a  

regular  

basis?  

  

You  

may  

need  

to  

consider  

several

alternatives.

ADA Guidelines

ADA  

Guidelines  

require  

a  

1:12  

slope,  

which  

is  

one  

foot  

of  

ramp  

for  

each  

inch  

of  

rise.  

  

(Approx.  

4.9  

deg.)

Slightly steeper slopes are allowed for short distances such as 1:8 for 3 inch rise or 1:10 for 6 inch rise

ADA Guidelines also require that a level rest section or turn be installed at every 30 inch change in

elevation.  This is so that someone ascending has a place to rest and someone descending easily

maintains a controllable pace.

ADA Guidelines require handrails for ramps over 6 inches above th ground.  Acces4U modular ramps

include handrails.

ADA Guidelines require a curb at the side of a ramp (Access4U ramps have this built-in)

For home use (single family residential) the ADA guideline may be varied to meet actual conditions

and user requirements.

Right, left and U-turns are used to direct the desired path of the ramp.  The standard right or Left turn is a

5x5 ft. (ADA) platform but for cost or space consideration a 4x4 ft turn is often used. U-turns,  are usually

5x8.  Turning platforms are installed level. 

Your Home

Consider all of the options, front door, back door, porch etc.  Where will the ramp start and where will it

end.  Are there fences, trees, lampposts, awnings or low branches that will obstruct the ramps’ path..

Measure the height difference between the start and end points.  The height difference becomes the length

of the ramp in feet. Platforms do not count in determining the length of ramp needed.  Refer to the chart at

the left.

Sketch an aerial view of the path of the ramp as if you were looking down from the sky.  Use rectangles for

ramps and squares for turning platforms.  Add the lengths of the ramps (not platforms in feet. This should

equal the overall elevation difference in inches measured above.  Most engineers sketch things several

times before final drawings.

This link will take you to the form we use  LINK

 
1 ft.
2 ft.
3 ft.
    1 in.
    2 in.
    3 in.
Ramp Length (feet)
Recommended Rise (inches)
4 ft.
5 ft.
    4 in.
    5 in.
6 ft.
    6 in.
8 ft.
9 ft.
    8 in.
    9 in.
10 ft.
    10 in.
7 ft.
    7 in.
11 ft.
12 ft.
13 ft.
    11 in.
    12 in.
    13 in.
14 ft.
15 ft.
    14 in.
    15 in.
16 ft.
    16 in.
18 ft.
19 ft.
    18 in.
    19 in.
20 ft.
    20 in.
17 ft.
    17 in.
21 ft.
22 ft.
23 ft.
    21 in.
    22 in.
    23 in.
24 ft.
25 ft.
    24 in.
    25 in.
26 ft.
    26 in.
28 ft.
29 ft.
    28 in.
    29 in.
30 ft.
    30 in.
27 ft.
    27 in.
®